Pope Benedict acknowledged the Church had handled the pedophile
priests scandal "very badly" and told US bishops to bind up wounds
and seek reconciliation with those who were "so seriously
For the second consecutive day, the pope said the scandal had caused "deep shame" and enormous pain as the result of priests betraying their vocation by sexually abusing minors with such "gravely immoral behaviour."
After visiting the White House on Wednesday morning and praying with President George Bush, he dedicated a section of a speech to the bishops to the scandal that rocked the Church starting in 2002 and has forced US dioceses to pay over $2 billion in damages.
"It is your God-given responsibility as pastors to bind up the wounds caused by every breach of trust, to foster healing, to promote reconciliation and to reach out with loving concern to those so seriously wronged," he said.
He said he agreed with an assessment by the head of the US bishops conference that the crisis had been "sometimes very badly handled" and that only recently was "the scale and the gravity of the problem" more clearly understood.
The Church was criticized for transferring known abusers rather than defrocking them or turning them over to police.
"While it must be remembered that the overwhelming majority of clergy and religious in America do outstanding work...it is vitally important that the vulnerable always be shielded by those who would cause harm," Benedict told the bishops at the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington.
But he said the problem ran deeper, saying children should be "spared the degrading manifestations and the crude manipulation of sexuality so prevalent" in society today.
Praying in the White House
On Wednesday morning, the pope made just the second visit by a pontiff to the White House and urged Americans and their leaders to base social and political decisions on moral principles to create a more just society.
During the visit, the pope and Bush and his wife, Laura, who are Methodists, prayed together for the institution of the family, a Vatican spokesman said.
Both Bush and the pope have said the traditional family, based on the marriage of a man and a woman, is under threat.
"I come as a friend, a preacher of the Gospel and one with great respect for this vast pluralistic society," Benedict said after Bush welcomed him at a garden ceremony that included a fife and drum band in colonial garb and a 21-gun salute.
As some 10,000 people applauded, Bush cited the role of faith in US life, saying, "Here in America, you'll find a nation of prayer."
Bush referred to the September 11 attacks, which the pope will commemorate when he prays at Ground Zero, the New York site where the World Trade Centre towers once stood.
"In a world where some invoke the name of God to justify acts of
terror and murder and hate, we need your message that God is love,"
The pope smiled as the crowd sang "Happy Birthday" and was treated to a large white cake inside the White House.
He sprinkled his speech with references to the US founding fathers - citing the Declaration of Independence and the first president, George Washington.
But he made no specific references to issues such as abortion and the Iraq war, avoiding anything that could be seen as commentary on the presidential campaign apart from saying that freedom demanded "reasoned public debate."
Benedict and Bush oppose abortion and embryonic stem cell research but differ on the Iraq war and capital punishment.
As the pope spoke, the US Supreme Court issued a ruling clearing
the way for executions to resume.
As US and Vatican flags fluttered, it was Bush who referred to abortion, a hot-button issue particularly with the presidential election in November.
"In a world where some treat life as something to be debased and
discarded, we need your message that all human life is sacred," he
Outside the White House, some 200 people protested, with one banner reading: "Catholic priests are pedophiles."
But the overwhelming number of those who lined his motorcade route welcomed the pope with joy, dancing and shaking tambourines as they waited for hours to glimpse him.