When most Australians think Kazakhstan, they think Borat.
They may think oil - the black gold - but probably not Olympic gold.
But as the London Games wind down, Kazakhstan looms as Australia's new sporting rival.
They want Australia's top-10 seat on the medal table - and they may just get it. The Kazakhs currently have six gold medals and Australia seven.
If Australia's sporting rivalry with Great Britain is about beating big brother and New Zealand is the little brother to be put in his place, the Kazakhs are long-lost cousins.
We know they're out there, just not sure where and what they look like. And we're not alone.
Even some Kazakhs don't know, excusable given the background of some of their gold medallists in London.
Take weightlifting, for example. Zulfia Chinshanlo won the women's 53kg weightlifting gold and Mayia Maneza triumphed in the 63kg class - both for Kazakhstan.
Doubts about their origins emerged when neither could freely converse in Kazakh, the official language in Kazakhstan, or Russian.
Borat, the fictional movie character created by English comedian Sacha Baron Cohen, may not have told you, but Kazakhs competed for the Soviet Union from 1952-88. Borat, who single mankini-edly lifted Kazakh tourism tenfold, also may not have explained that oil-rich Kazakhstan, population 15.7 million, is in central Asia and Europe - the ninth-largest country in the world and the world's biggest producer of uranium.
But back to the weightlifters. They had good reason for the language barrier - they're actually from China, but have been leased to Kazakhstan for five years.
China's news agency Xinhau blew the whistle, saying both weightlifters had changed their names and official place of birth.
According to Xinhua, Chinshanlo and Maneza were "leased" to Kazakhstan for five years in a deal that expires next year, when they likely return to China.
According to China's state media, their journey is tangled in the byzantine workings of the Chinese Weightlifting Federation and involves a possible exchange of athletes for votes in an undisclosed international sporting body.
But Kazakhstan hit back.
"Their claims are nothing, but jealousy," Aleksey Kryuchov, acting head of Kazakhstan's Directorate of National Teams and Sports Reserves, was quoted by website vesti.kz as saying.
"They [the weightlifters] were living in China for some time - they [China] let them go without any objections.
"Now after six years and after they have reached high results, somebody is having a greed attack. If we had taken them yesterday and they have won the medals today, it would have been a different story."
Chinshanlo wasn't keen to get involved in the spat at her victory media conference, unwilling to revisit her origins. She was too busy thinking about ice cream.
While saying she likes kazy - horse-meat sausages, a traditional Kazakh cuisine - she really, really likes ice cream.
"I was working hard to loose weight and wasn't eating ice-cream," she complained.
So Kazakh coaches promised to buy her a kilogram of ice cream to celebrate her win.
She will also get $US25,000, the reward Kazakhstan gives all its gold medal-winning athletes - regardless of their true nationality.