Discussing diseases related to obesity
Obesity: Related Diseases and effects
- Heart Disease
- Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
1. Obesity and type 2 diabetes are major cardiovascular
risk factors that have reached epidemic proportions. Both diseases
are increasing all over the world.
2. The "diabesity" epidemic strikes all genders, all ages, all educational levels, and all ethnicities.
3. Currently, 1.1 billion adults worldwide are overweight and 312 million of them are clinically obese.
4. The number of diabetic individuals in 2000 was 171 million. This number is expected to hit 366 million in 2030.
5. Obesity and diabetes rates have increased dramatically in children and adolescents worldwide.
"It is increasing clear that the primary cause of many of those issues is accumulation of excess body fat stored in the abdominal cavity and in the liver - even in patients who are only what we think of as 'moderately' overweight."
The greater the initial amount of excess intra-abdominal fat,
the more intra-abdominal fat will be reduced with weight loss.
Several studies have reported that moderate weight loss (as little
as 5 to 10% of initial body weight) can reduce intra-abdominal fat
by 10 to 30%. Moreover, for a given amount of weight loss, exercise
burns more intra-abdominal fat than caloric restriction while
preserving lean body mass (skeletal muscle). It is therefore
possible to reduce intra-abdominal fat without necessarily losing
weight. Exercise can reduce intra-abdominal fat while increasing
lean body mass, causing no change in body weight.